According to a French source, India and France are discussing to work on inter-planetary missions to Mars and Venus. The news came after almost a month when the two companies agreed to work together for an advanced space cooperation.

Autonomous navigation on Mars and Venus is the target of ISRO(Indian Space and Research Organisation) and CNES(French National Space Agency) by working together and aims to achieve its goal and also aero-braking technologies for planetary exploration.

As per a CNES official, ISRO has confirmed its participation in the exploration of Venus since it is still under-explored, this is why both the nations are concentrating on Venus. Discussions are going on for the future Indian Mars mission.

Chandrayaan-I to Moon and Mangalyaan to Mars are the two successful interplanetary missions India has undertaken and now Chandrayaan-II is most likely to be sent this month to complete the exploration on the Moon through which a rover would be landed on Earth’s only natural satellite. ISRO also has plans to send another mission to Mars and Venus.

CNES will be providing support to ISRO for the navigation of future moon rovers and side by side CNES and ISRO will be working jointly to study Mars and Venus atmospheres. CNES could be involved in the definition of the scientific goals and preparatory studies for the future planetary missions of ISRO. Both agencies will study the possibility of embarking French science instruments on board the future interplanetary i.e. Moon, Mars, and asteroids Indian missions.

US space probe Mariner 2s flew by Venus on 14 December 1962 and since then more than two dozen missions have been undertaken to explore the planet.

Indo-French cooperation is more than six decades old and has come out to be very robust in nature. India uses the facilities provided by France to send its heavy satellites into the orbit. When India was grappling with technological assistance following nuclear tests in 1974, it was France that helped India.

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